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Technical Standards

A candidate for the PharmD degree must possess abilities and skills which include those that are observational, communicational, motor, intellectual-conceptual (integrative and quantitative) and behavioral and social. The use of a trained intermediary is not acceptable in many clinical situations in that it implies that a candidate’s judgment must be mediated by someone else’s power of selection and observation.

  • Observation: The candidate must be able to acquire a defined level of required information as presented through demonstrations and experiences in the basic and clinical sciences, including, but not limited to, information conveyed through physiologic and pharmacological images and Furthermore, a candidate must be able to:
    • Observe a patient accurately, at a distance and close at hand, with or without standard medical instrumentation, to acquire information from written documents, and to visualize information as presented in images from paper, films, slides or
    • Interpret graphic images and digital or analog representations of physiologic phenomenon with or without the use of assistive devices.

Such observation and information acquisition necessitates the functional use of visual, auditory and somatic sensation while being enhanced by the functional use of other sensory modalities. In any case where a candidate’s ability to observe or acquire information through these sensory modalities is compromised, the candidate must demonstrate alternate means and/or abilities to acquire and demonstrate the essential information conveyed in this fashion. If the alternatives are acceptable, it is expected that obtaining and using such alternate means and/or abilities shall be the responsibility of the student. Costs of necessary accommodations should be reasonable and will be properly borne by the university when not the responsibility of the student or otherwise funded.

  • Communication: A candidate must be able to speak, to hear and to observe patients by sight in order to elicit information, describe changes in mood, activity and posture, and perceive non-verbal A candidate must be able to communicate effectively and sensitively with patients and their families. Communication includes speech and writing. The candidate must be able to communicate effectively and efficiently in oral and written form with all members of the healthcare team.
  • Motor: It is required that a candidate possess the motor skills necessary to perform basic physical assessment procedures, medication administration, medication preparation and to utilize laboratory and diagnostic equipment. Such actions require coordination of both gross and fine muscular movements, equilibrium and functional use of the senses of touch and
  • Intellectual-Conceptual (Integrative and Quantitative) Abilities: The candidate must be able to measure, calculate, reason, analyze, integrate and In addition, the candidate must be able to comprehend three-dimensional relationships and to understand the spatial relationships of structures. Problem-solving, the critical skill demanded of pharmacists, requires all of these intellectual abilities. The candidate must be able to perform these problem-solving skills in a timely fashion.
  • Behavioral and Social Attributes: The candidate must possess the emotional health required for full utilization of their intellectual abilities, the exercise of good judgment, the prompt completion of all responsibilities attendant to the care of patients, and the development of mature, sensitive and effective relationships with The candidate must be able to function effectively under stress.

They must be able to adapt to changing environments, to display flexibility and to learn to function in the face of uncertainties inherent in the clinical problems of patients.

Compassion, integrity, concern for others, interpersonal skills, interest and motivation are all personal qualities that will be assessed during the admissions and educational process.

If you have any questions about these standards or other policies as they pertain to the Americans with Disabilities Act, please contact Beth Friedman, ADA Coordinator and Director, Academic Affairs at 847-578-8482 or email